Friday Finishing Series, Techniques

Friday Finishing Part Nine

Today’s topic for Friday Finishing is Kitchener Grafting in Stockinette.

Here is a video tutorial I made on working a Kitchener Graft:

This method works anywhere that the grafted row needs to look the same as the rows on either side of the graft – such as stockinette, ribbing, other knit/purl patterns. The resulting grafted row will be the same stitches as the above and below rows. This method will NOT work where you need the grafted row to be different – such as garter, seed stitch, or other patterns that change every row.

Keep in mind, when grafting live stitches, the grafted row will be offset from the row above by 1/2 of a stitch. Essentially just like the horizontal seam of two bound off edges.

The steps for working Kitchener Stitch:

  1. Position the work with the wrong sides facing each other. You may begin on either the front or the back needle.
  2. Work the set up step on needle 1. (Opposite On.)
  3. Work the set up step on needle 2. (Opposite On.)
  4. Needle 1 again, work ‘Same Off, Opposite On’.
  5. Needle 2, work ‘Same Off, Opposite On’.
  6. Repeat steps 4 and 5 until you have one stitch left on each needle.
  7. Work ‘Same Off’ on needle 1.
  8. Work ‘Same Off’ on needle 2.

The keys to working this graft well are:

  1.  You must have the same number of stitches on each needle.
  2. Keep the tapestry needle and yarn UNDER the knitting needles throughout the process.
  3. Work loosely as you go across.
  4. After you have worked the graft, tighten up across the row to get the graft at the same tension as the rest of the knitting.

Next week we’ll cover working the Kitchener Stitch graft in Ribbing. (It will very similar, since you use these same steps!)

Until then, Happy Knitting!

 

Friday Finishing Series, Techniques

Friday Finishing Part Eight

Today’s topic for Friday Finishing is Horizontal to Horizontal seaming with stair steps.

Here is a video tutorial I made on working a horizontal seam with stair stepped pieces:

The keys to working a good horizontal seam when dealing with stair steps are:

  1. In bottom piece, come up out of the center of the stitch (the center of the V).
  2. In top piece, encase the legs of the stitch (both legs of the V.)
  3. Seam directly below and above the bind off edge. Seaming farther from the edge will add unnecessary bulk.
  4. At stair steps, on the bottom piece come up out of the next whole stitch – even though it is 2 rows down. And then encase the legs of the next whole stitch on the top piece, even though it is 2 rows up. This will close up the holes and hide the stair steps.

Next week we’ll cover working the Kitchener Stitch graft in stockinette stitch fabric.

Until then, Happy Knitting!

 

Friday Finishing Series, Techniques

Friday Finishing Part Seven

Today’s topic for Friday Finishing is Horizontal to Horizontal seams.

Here is a video tutorial I made on working Horizontal seams in stockinette stitch:

The keys to working a good horizontal seam are:

  1. On bottom piece, have the thread come out of the center of a stitch (a V).
  2. On top piece, have the thread encase the base of a stitch (the two bottom legs of the V).
  3. Seam directly above and below the bind off edges. Seaming farther from the edge will add unnecessary bulk.
  4. Seam every stitch across. (Usually for these seams there will be the same number of stitches in each piece.)

Next week we’ll cover working a horizontal to horizontal seam with stair-stepped pieces (such as at stair-stepped shoulder seams).

Until then, Happy Knitting!

 

Friday Finishing Series, Techniques

Friday Finishing Part Six

Today’s topic for Friday Finishing is Mattress stitch seaming in Ribbing fabric.

Once you’ve worked your Figure 8 start to line up the cast on edges (view that blog post and video here), you are ready to work your seam.

Here is a video tutorial I made on working mattress stitch in K1P1 and K2P2 fabric:

The keys to working a good mattress stitch seam in ribbing are:

  1. Plan ahead in order to place the seam ‘in the ditch’. For K1P1 ribbing, the right-hand piece should end with either a knit or a purl, and the left-hand piece should begin with the opposite stitch.  The pieces should be as follows: (K1P1K1 — P1K1P1) or (P1K1P1 — K1P1K1) where “–” is the seam location.For K2P2 ribbing, add a selvedge stitch at each seam edge if needed, in order to have an extra stitch that can be used in the seam while still maintaining the stitch pattern across the seam. The pieces should be as follows: (K2P2K3 — P3K2P2) or (P2K2P3 — K3P2K2) where “–” is the seam location.
  2. Make sure you are picking up every single row as you seam.
  3. Pull the seaming thread tight, but not too tight or the seam will pucker. Make sure there is still a bit of give to the fabric vertically along the seam.

Then you can finish off the seam at the bind off edges (view that post and video here).

Next week we’ll cover working a horizontal to horizontal seam.

Until then, Happy Knitting!

 

Friday Finishing Series, Techniques

Friday Finishing Part Five

Today’s topic for Friday Finishing is Mattress stitch seaming in Garter stitch fabric.

Once you’ve worked your Figure 8 start to line up the cast on edges (view that blog post and video here), you are ready to work your seam.

Here is a video tutorial I made on working mattress stitch in Garter stitch fabric:

The keys to working a good mattress stitch seam in garter stitch are:

  1. Pick up smiles on one side and frowns on the other. Always pick up the same type on each side – all smiles on one side and all frowns on the other.
  2. Make sure you are picking up every single ridge. (This will work out to every other row.)
  3. Use 1/2 selvedge stitch on one side (pick up the first frown at the edge) if you want to reduce the bulk of the seam.
  4. Pull the seaming thread tight, but not too tight or the seam will pucker. Make sure there is still a bit of give to the fabric vertically along the seam.

Then you can finish off the seam at the bind off edges (view that post and video here).

Next week we’ll cover working mattress stitch seaming in Ribbing.

Until then, Happy Knitting!